Last updated on December 4th, 2023 at 11:56 pm
Mountains are the most inspiring natural wonders on the earth. Whenever the idea of mountains comes to mind, we always think about what the highest mountains in the world are. They always inspire us with their unique beauty and attraction.
They also amaze us with their size and majesty. You can learn more about the top 10 highest mountains in the world by reading this post. You will be surprised that the top 10 highest mountains are mostly in Asia, especially in the Himalayan region. And out of these ten highest peaks in the world, eight come up with a height of 8,000 m in the Himalayas of Nepal.
Remember that the highest mountain range in the world is the Himalayas. This Himalayas range stretches across eight countries: Tibet, China, Mayanmar, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, India, and Bangladesh. Although the Himalayas contain the majority of the highest mountains, it is considered the world’s deepest valleys, listed at over 24,000 ft deep.
Let’s discuss the top 10 highest mountains in the world, starting from the top one highest mountain.
1. Mount Everest – 8848.86 m
With a height of 8848.86 meters, Mount Everest is considered to be the world’s biggest mountain. It is already a beautiful mountain and the most prominent peak globally. Talking about its location, it is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas on the boundary between Nepal and Tibet.
In the Tibet language, people called it Chomolungma by the native people in Tibet. However, on the other hand, Chinese people call it Zhumulangma Feng. It is noted that it is a very sloppy mountain, so you will have difficulty climbing it.
This is why only experienced mountain climbers can reach that highest mountain. Sir Edmund Hillary was the first New Zealand mountaineer who climbed Mount Everest on May 29, 1953. At that time, another local Nepali Sherpa, Tenzing Norgay, was also with him to successfully ascend the summit of Mount Everest.
However, on the other side, till 2017, 7600 people reached that mountain, and unfortunately, 300 people died while climbing this mighty mountain. You will be surprised to know that different glaciers are located on this mountain’s slopes, and many rivers also originate from these mighty glaciers. It is the world’s highest mountain peak, attracting different climbers and tourists worldwide.
2. K2- Range Karakorum-8611 m
K2 is only 778 feet shorter than Mount Everest, and it is considered the second-highest mountain in the world. It also comes in the category of the deadliest mountain in the world. This is due to the dangerous weather conditions, which result in a higher number of deaths.
These deaths occur on its slopes, which is the main reason the mountain has another nickname which is Savage mountain. According to NASA, the K2 fatality rate is 29%; however, Mount Everest’s fatality rate is 4%. This means it is a dangerous mountain where you are more prone to death if you climb it.
But still, K2 attracts thousands of climbers worldwide because they take the mountain as a challenge. In the past, in the 19th century, a great trigonometrical survey showed that it might be the world’s great peak. Regarding the name of K2, K stands for Karakoram range and two stands for the second mountain in its mountain range.
3. Mount Kangchenjunga- 8598m
With an elevation of 8598 meters, Kangchenjunga is the third-highest mountain in the world. If we talk about its location, it is present in the Himalayan mountain range along the boundary between Nepal and India.
However, on the other side, five mountains in this range are also located on the boundary between the Eastern part of Nepal and the Indian state of Sikkim. The people in India consider this mountain sacred and give respect to the mountain very much.
If we explore this mountain more, it also has Neora Valley National Park in Darjeeling, a conservation area in Nepal. This Park was established on a mountain in Nepal to preserve and protect the ecosystem of that area.
Two English mountaineers named George Band and Joe Brown summited this mountain on May 25, 1955. They were the first climbers to climb Mount Kangchenjunga successfully.
4. Lhotse-Nepal Tibet autonomous region China Himalayas 8516 m
Lhotse also comes in the category of the most famous mountains in the world. Another famous thing about Lhotse mountain is that it resembles Mount Everest. The surprising thing is that the root of the Lhotse is the same as that of Mount Everest.
Although Lhotse is considered a sibling of Mount Everest, Everest still gets more attraction than Lhotse. Therefore, Lhotse is less busy as compared to Mount Everest. In 1956, the mountain was first climbed, but the middle remains the highest unclimbed. However, in 2011, it was first scaled by a Russian expedition.
5. Mount Makalu- 8462m
Mount Makalu is a beautiful mountain in Nepal and comes in 5th position among the top 10 highest mountains in the world. The height of this mountain is 8462 m, and it is present on the Mahalangur range about 19 km southeast of Mount Everest.
Mount Makalu is famous for its steep pitches and sharp edges, making climbing quite difficult. You can easily see an isolated peak shaped like a four-sided pyramid among these steep pitches. In 1955, two people climbed this peak: Mt Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy.
So they were the first people on the earth to climb that mountain. It is also called a lonely mountain and is famous worldwide due to the shape of a pyramid. Due to all these conditions, climbing this mighty mountain will be more challenging.
Another unacceptable thing about Makalu mountain is that it takes 61 to 65 days to climb. Many climbers climb this mountain from the western side because it is a very beautiful and enjoyable route.
6. Mount Cho Oyu- 8201m
Mount Cho Oyu is the sixth-highest mountain in the world, with a height of 8201 m. The mountain is present in Nepal, like many of the highest mountains. The good thing about Mount Cho Oyu is that it is easy to climb.
In October 1954, 3 men climbed this mountain for the first time, named Mr. Pasang Lama, H. Tichy, and S. Jochler. In Tibet, people considered this mountain as the Turquoise goddess. However, some of us might not know that the mountain is on the border of China and Nepal. Mount Cho Oyu is present in the mahalanguru range and is near Mount Everest, almost 20 km.
As it is an easier mountain, climbers mostly climb it from three sides named Northeast, Northwest, and Southeast. According to research, most beginner climbers climb this mountain first. The reason is that they do it for practice and experience so that they can be expert enough to climb Mount Everest.
The first person who climbed Mount Cho Oyu was Mr. Ang Phiri Sharma from Nepal. Another great piece of information is that while climbing this mountain, you will have the best view of the other 18,000 mountains.
7. Mount Dhaulagiri-8167m
The 7th highest mountain in the world, Mount Dhaulagiri, lies in the north of central Nepal. The height of this mountain is 8167 m, and it has become the most attractive point for tourists and climbers. Europeans also call it the highest mountain and point in the Gandaki basin. The word Dhaulagiri comes from the Sanskrit word white, beautiful, and daising.
So the meaning of Mount Dhaulagiri means white beauty. While climbing the mountain, the climbers also like the beautiful landscape and numerous picture views of villages. You will also encounter the Dhaulagiri base camp on the way through the mountain. The climbers also enjoy mountain sheep, elusive snow leopards, semi-wild Yak herds, etc.
Other attractions of this mountain are the world’s deepest gorge and the Kali Gandaki river. As I also discussed earlier, the meaning of this mountain is white beauty. It means that you will also encounter a white hidden snow valley. So if you want to enjoy the best view of this mountain, you must visit it in winter.
8. Mount manaslu- 8163 m
As the world’s eighth highest mountain, Mount Manaslu is located in the Nepal Himalayas. Only 4 meters shorter than Mount Dhaulagiri, this mountain reaches 8163 meters in height. The rock-hard ice covering the larger mountain area is the most attractive thing to see there. The meaning of Manaslu is the mountain of spirit.
The first climber who climbed this mountain was T.Manisha from Japan. She climbed that mountain in 1956, which is why Mount Manaslu is famous among people from Japan. Just like Dhaulagiri, Mount Manaslu is a very beautiful mountain. Due to its height, it still holds the 8 highest mountain names in the world.
This mountain is only 64 km far from Mount Annapurna. This mighty peak is also located in Nepal, and the Manaslu base camp is located at an elevation of 4700 m from the sea level. Keep in mind that trekking was started on this mountain in 1991.
9. Nanga Parbat 8125m
The beautiful mountain Nanga Parbat is located in Pakistan. Most surprisingly, it is the 9th tallest mountain in the world, with a height of 8125m. The most interesting information about this mountain is that Nanga Parbat means naked mountain.
This mountain is located on the south side of the Indus river. So it is present in the Gilgit Baltistan province of Pakistan. Like many of the highest mountains, Nanga Parbat is also difficult to climb. Many trekkers and climbers died while climbing this mountain. This is the main reason people also called it a killer mountain. The range of Nanga Parbat also has an area of 190 km or 120 mi.
Many climbers who climbed this mountain died in the first half of the 20th century. The first person who climbed Nanga Parbat was Mr. Hermann Bahl. He was an Australian climber who climbed this mountain in 1953. Remember that this is the second mountain from Pakistan that comes in the top 10 highest mountains in the world. So in Pakistan, after K2, Nanga Parbat is the second-highest mountain.
10. Mount Annapurna-8091m
This mountain is the tenth highest in the world and the last on the top 10 list. This beautiful mountain is present in Central Nepal, with a height of 8091 m. Remember that Annapurna is also a Sanskrit word meaning the goddess of the harvests. Just like K2 and Naga Parbat, Mount Annapurna also comes in the category of the most dangerous mountains in the world.
Two famous climbers from France named L.Lachenal and M. Herzog climbed this mountain on June 3, 1950. They were the first climbers to climb the mountain Annapurna. Most surprisingly, the mountain covers the largest conservation area in Nepal, which is why it covers many towns such as Mustang, Kaski, Mayagdi, Manang, and Lamjung. These towns cover an area of approximately 7629 m.
It also comes in the category of the world’s most beautiful mountains, where you will be surprised by its scenic beauty. You will like the amazing view of Annapurna south (7219 m), Annapurna (8091 m), glacier Dome, gangapurna (7454 m), Machhapuchhre (6993 m), and Hiunchuli (6441 m). People mostly like the Annapurna trek as it is the longest trek with natural and cultural beauty.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is there a peak in Pakistan that is the second highest?
With an elevation of 8125 meters, Nanga Parbat is the second highest mountain in Pakistan. In addition, it ranks 9th in the world in terms of height. Also known as Baltoro Muztagh, it is the second-highest Himalayan peak in Pakistan, over 8000 meters above sea level.
Which mountain is the most famous in the world?
Among the highest mountains in the world is Mount Everest, which is located on the border of Nepal and China. As the world’s highest mountain, it stands at 8848.86 meters above sea level.
Who is the king of all mountains?
Mount Godwin Austen, also called K2, is the king of all mountains. According to NASA, it is considered the most dangerous mountain in the world, with a fatality rate of 29%.
I hope you will enjoy reading about the top 10 highest mountains in the world even. I also enjoyed even writing this post. You will get enough information about the mountains through this article. Remember that from these top 10 highest mountains, only two are in Pakistan, K2 and Nanga Parbat, whereas the rest of the eight are in Nepal. If you have visited any of these ten highest mountains in the world, please share your memories with us.